• Cingi Steps for Preoperative Computer Imaging;
  • liquify;
  • “liquify” filter of Adobe PhotoShop software;
  • reduction rhinoplasty;
  • patient confidence;
  • enhanced surgical planning;
  • Preoperative Computer Imaging


The aim of this work is to provide a stepwise systematic guide for a preoperative photo-editing procedure for rhinoplasty cases involving the cooperation of a graphic artist and a surgeon.


One hundred female subjects who planned to undergo a reduction rhinoplasty operation were included in this study. The Cingi Steps for Preoperative Computer Imaging (CS-PCI) program, a stepwise systematic guide for image editing using Adobe PhotoShop's “liquify” effect, was applied to the rhinoplasty candidates. The stages of CS-PCI are as follows: (1) lowering the hump; (2) shortening the nose; (3) adjusting the tip projection, (4) perfecting the nasal dorsum, (5) creating a supratip break, and (6) exaggerating the tip projection and/or dorsal slope.


Performing the Cingi Steps allows the patient to see what will happen during the operation and observe the final appearance of his or her nose. After the application of described steps, 71 patients (71%) accepted step 4, and 21 (21%) of them accepted step 5. Only 10 patients (10%) wanted to make additional changes to their operation plans.


The main benefits of using this method is that it decreases the time needed by the surgeon to perform a graphic analysis, and it reduces the time required for the patient to reach a decision about the procedure. It is an easy and reliable method that will provide improved physician-patient communication, increased patient confidence, and enhanced surgical planning while limiting the time needed for planning.