Plasma-enhanced MOVPE and nitrogen doping of ZnSe

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Abstract

In order to obtain high quality Znse epilayers on GaAs which can be intentionally P- and n-type doped growth at a reduced temperature is highly desirable. Therefore in this work the suitability of diallylselenide and the influrnce of plasma precracking have ben investigated. Photoluminesscence, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray, SIMS and Hall measurements were used to anaylse the samples. The selenium precursor was fully decomposed at temperatures above 360°C if it was precracked by a plasma. Bound excitions could be resolved with negligible donor–acceptor pair (DAP) and copper green emission in the PL spectra form films which were grown with a plasma at temperatures beyond 530°C. Clearly the hpe for reduction in the deposition temperature was not achieved. Raman spectra also revealed strong crystalline quality variations. For the doping experiments nitrogen was used as the carrier gasa instead of hydrogen. Plasma cracking of the selenium precursor was still necessary. Thye substitution of the H2 carrier gas by nitrogen reduced the growth rate by a factor of 2.6 but enhanced the crystalline properties of the samples as shown by the Raman measurements. Strong DAP emission at 2.7eV in the (PL) spectra was observed. SIMS measurements showed a nitrogend concertration of about 3 × 1017 cm−3. An additional nirtogen plasama (0–7W) had a begligible effect on the nitrogen concentration in the sample. The samples were semi-insulating, whichmight be a conswquence of the crystalline quality of ZnSe grown with DASe as selenium precursor.

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