Novolac-based resists



The performance of novolac–diazonaphthoquinone-based positive-working resists is discussed in terms of the molecular weight distributions and microstructures of the novolac resins and the structural variations in the photoactive dissolution inhibitor. Modelling studies leading to recent improvements allosing the delineation of 0.35 μm line and space pattens by ensuring a focal depth of 105 μm are outlined. Consideration is also given to the new problems such as pivotal shift and halation that arise in the application of high-resolution photolithography using novolac–diazonaphthoquinone resists.