Irregular shifts of excitonic states in reflectivity and PL spectra of ZnSe crystals under uniaxial stress

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Abstract

Splittings and shifts of excitonic states in ZnSe crystals under uniaxial stress along [100], [111] and [110] directions were studied by spatially resolved spectroscopy of both the reflectivity and the photoluminescence (PL) at 5 K. These methods enabled us to check the local strains in different surface microareas of deformed crystals and as a result to reveal the irregular free and bound exciton state shifts related to the influence of the strain nonuniformity and to the presence of structural imperfections (twins) in the crystals. It is shown that elastic deformation of twinned crystals along directions not exactly [111] gives rise to a doublet structure for all the bound exciton lines in the PL spectra. New values of deformation potentials for ZnSe crystals were deduced. The anisotropic influence of the uniaxial stress on the free and bound exciton state splittings was determined.

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