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Association between genetic variation of CACNA1H and childhood absence epilepsy



Direct sequencing of exons 3 to 35 and the exon–intron boundaries of the CACNA1H gene was conducted in 118 childhood absence epilepsy patients of Han ethnicity recruited from North China. Sixty-eight variations have been detected in the CACNA1H gene, and, among the variations identified, 12 were missense mutations and only found in 14 of the 118 patients in a heterozygous state, but not in any of 230 unrelated controls. The identified missense mutations occurred in the highly conserved residues of the T-type calcium channel gene. Our results suggest that CACNA1H might be an important susceptibility gene involved in the pathogenesis of childhood absence epilepsy. Ann Neurol 2003