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Abstract

Pantothenate kinase–associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) causes a progressive generalized dystonia which remains pharmacologically intractable. We performed bilateral internal globus pallidus stimulation in six patients with genetically confirmed PKAN who obtained a major and long-lasting improvement of their painful spasms, dystonia, and functional autonomy. This study shows the benefits of pallidal DBS for the dystonia of PKAN patients. Ann Neurol 2005;57:738–741