SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Abstract

Objective

The UCHL-1 gene is widely cited as a susceptibility factor for sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). The strongest evidence comes from a meta-analysis of small studies that reported the S18Y polymorphism as protective against PD, after pooling studies of white and Asian subjects. Here, we present data that challenge this association.

Methods

In a new large case–control study in white individuals (3,023 subjects), the S18Y variant was not protective against PD under any genetic model of inheritance. Similarly, a more powerful haplotype-tagging approach did not detect other associated variants.

Results

Finally, in an updated S18Y-PD meta-analysis (6,594 subjects), no significant association was observed under additive, recessive, or dominant models (odds ratio = 1.00 [95% confidence interval: 0.74–1.33]; odds ratio = 1.01 [95% confidence interval: 0.76–1.35]; and odds ratio = 0.96 [95% confidence interval: 0.86–1.08], respectively), and a cumulative meta-analysis showed a trend toward a null effect.

Interpretation

Based on the current evidence, the UCHL-1 gene does not exhibit a protective effect in PD. Ann Neurol 2006