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Abstract

Two mutational mechanisms are known to underlie Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD): heterozygous dominant negatively-acting mutations and recessively-acting loss-of-function mutations. We describe large genomic deletions on chromosome 21q22.3 as a novel type of mutation underlying recessively inherited UCMD in 2 families. Clinically unaffected parents carrying large genomic deletions of COL6A1and COL6A2also provide conclusive evidence that haploinsufficiency for COL6A1and COL6A2is not a disease mechanism for Bethlem myopathy. Our findings have important implications for the genetic evaluation of patients with collagen VI–related myopathies as well as for potential therapeutic interventions for this patient population. Ann Neurol 2011;69:206–211