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Abstract

Objective:

Limited data are available on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in pediatric stroke survivors. The aim of the present study was to assess HR-QoL by self-assessment and parent/proxy-assessment in children and adolescents who survived a first stroke episode.

Methods:

We investigated HR-QoL in pediatric stroke survivors (71 preschool children [G1] and 62 school children/adolescents [G2]) and in 169 healthy controls. HR-QoL was assessed in patients and parents/proxies with the generic KINDL-R questionnaire exploring overall well-being and 6 well-being subdimensions (physical, psychological, self-esteem, family-related, friend-related, and school-related). In pediatric stroke survivors the neurological long-term outcome was measured with the standardized Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure.

Results:

Of stroke survivors, 65% exhibited at least 1 neurologic disability. Pediatric stroke survivors reported lower overall well-being compared with healthy controls. In G2 stroke patients, friend-related well-being respectively emotional well-being was significantly reduced compared with healthy controls (73.0 vs 85.0 points; p < 0.001 respectively 80.2 vs 84.5 points; p = 0.049). Parents/proxies of both stroke survivors rated the overall well-being and all subdimensions (except family-related and school-related well-being in G1 and G2 stroke survivors and physical functioning in G2 stroke survivors) lower compared with parents/proxies of healthy children/adolescents. Overall well-being was significantly reduced in children with moderate/severe neurological deficits compared with normal/mildly affected patients (75.5 vs 83.3 points, p = 0.01). Neonatal stroke survivors reported a significantly better neurological long-term outcome compared to childhood stroke survivors (82.0 vs 75.0 points; p = 0.005).

Interpretation:

Pediatric stroke survivors compared with healthy controls are strongly affected regarding their overall well-being and older children/adolescents regarding their well-being with peers. Ann Neurol 2011;