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Keywords:

  • Metals clusters;
  • Dissociation;
  • Fission barrier

Abstract

We have studied the competition experimentally observed between fission and neutral atom evaporation, as dissociation channels of excited doubly charged sodium clusters, using the Density Functional Theory and the jellium model. The fission barrier has been obtained from an Extended Thomas-Fermi calculation including density gradient corrections to the kinetic energy of the electronic cloud. We discuss the influence of the coefficient of the density gradient term on the barrier height.