Non-equilibrium polaritonics - non-linear effects and optical switching

Authors

Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Non-equilibrium polaritonics - non-linear effects and optical switching Volume 526, Issue 11-12, E1, Article first published online: 18 June 2013

Abstract

In this article a microscopic electronic non-equilibrium effect, highly nonlinear polaritonics, is proposed to mediate an ultrafast all-optical switching. The electronic band structure within gold (Au) nano grains shall be modified by external laser light, namely the Franz-Keldysh effect, and the modified electronic density of states within the Au grains are coupled to a single mode photonic waveguide. Using this microscopic polaritonic coupling without ever including any macroscopic influences due to the geometric arrangement a strong transmission reduction originating from the established quantum interference is derived. The lifetime of the coupled states is heavily dependent on the Fano resonance type binding and the amplitude of the applied electric field. Besides the Fano signatures the microscopic coupling photon-electron-photon leads to a gaped electronic density of states within the Au nano-grains.

Ancillary