Silver(I)-Catalyzed Hydroazidation of Ethynyl Carbinols: Synthesis of 2-Azidoallyl Alcohols


  • This work was supported by the NNSFC (21172029, 21202016, 21372038, 31101010), the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China (NCET-13-0714), and the Jilin Provincial Research Foundation for Basic Research (20140519008JH).


The hydroazidation of alkynes is the most straightforward pathway to synthetically useful vinyl azides. However, a general hydroazidation of alkynes remains elusive. Herein, a chemo- and regioselective transformation of ethynyl carbinols into vinyl azides is described. This reaction produces a wide variety of 2-azidoallyl alcohols with high efficiency and in good to excellent yields. These compounds constitute a new class of densely functionalized synthetic intermediates. Their synthetic potential has been demonstrated by further transformations into NH aziridines. The mechanistic aspects of the reaction will attract the attention of chemists working on alkyne chemistry and silver catalysis. The findings that are described in this paper represent significant advances in the regioselective hydroelementation of alkynes and open a new reaction manifold for exploitation.