The three-dimensional quantitative analysis and nanometer-scale visualization of the microstructural evolutions of a tin electrode in a lithium-ion battery during cycling is described. Newly developed synchrotron X-ray nanotomography provided an invaluable tool. Severe microstructural changes occur during the first delithiation and the subsequent second lithiation, after which the particles reach a structural equilibrium with no further significant morphological changes. This reveals that initial delithiation and subsequent lithiation play a dominant role in the structural instability that yields mechanical degradation. This in situ 3D quantitative analysis and visualization of the microstructural evolution on the nanometer scale by synchrotron X-ray nanotomography should contribute to our understanding of energy materials and improve their synthetic processing.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.