A Topological Approach to the Problem of Ring Structures



In the mechanized documentation of chemical literature, the definition of structural concept is very important. The usual for definitions for ring structures are inadequate. Essential ring structures are sometimes not recognized on the basis of these definitions and are therefore missed in a literature search. This is particularly true of bridged ring systems. The ring concept and ring condensation types are now redefined on a topological basis in the closest possible analogy to the intuitive approach of the chemist. In complicated molecular structures, these “fundamental rings” can be easily determined, either manually or by means of a programmed computer. The concept of the “ring complex” is defined and suggested as a preliminary screen in literature searches for ring structures. This will save machine time, and so reduce the cost of searches.