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Keywords:

  • Rotation barriers;
  • Inversion barriers;
  • NMR spectroscopy

Abstract

Rotations and inversions in organic molecules are readily recognizable from the temperature dependence of the NMR spectra. The study of the effects of substituents on the activation barriers of such processes permits the elucidation of reaction mechanisms, and the stability limits of isomers can also be determined. The knowledge of the stability limits is necessary for the specific synthesis of stable rotamers and invertomers.