Carrier-Bound Biologically Active Substances and Their Applications



Stable catalysts can be obtained by fixation of enzymes on suitable supports. The principal methods for their preparation and their properties are described. The use of supported enzymes in routine biochemical analysis as “insoluble reagents” for automatic analyzers and for enzyme electrodes appears particularly interesting. For preparative transformations and syntheses, the supported enzymes offer the advantage that many processes that were formerly operated batch-wise can be run continuously to give protein-free products. The use of supported proteinases as specific adsorbents provides a simple method for the isolation of various naturally occurring inhibitors. This principle, which is the basis of affinity chromatography, has now also been adapted to the purification of enzymes and other biologically active substances on suitable supported effectors.