Anchimerically Accelerated Bond Homolyses

Authors

  • Doz. Dr. Manfred T. Reetz

    Corresponding author
    1. Fachbereich Chemie der Universität, Lahnberge. D-3550 Marburg (Germany)
    Current affiliation:
    1. Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie der Universität, Gerhard-Domagk-Strasse 1, D-5300 Bonn (Germany)
    • Fachbereich Chemie der Universität, Lahnberge. D-3550 Marburg (Germany)
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Abstract

Radical reactions of the type R1[BOND]a[BOND]b[BOND]R2a[BOND]b[BOND]R1 + R2 are feasible if the new bond formed between b and R1 is considerably stronger than the old bond between a and R1. Furthermore, both the radical fragments formed must be resonance stabilized. An example of this reaction type is the thermolysis of benzyl trimethylsilylmethyl ethers, in which the trimethylsilyl group (with empty orbitals) migrates to the oxygen atom (with lone pairs). Assumption of a cyclic reactive intermediate with pentacoordinated silicon explains the observed intramolecular nature and the negative entropy of activation of such homolyses.

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