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Keywords:

  • Crystal growth;
  • Biomineralization

Abstract

The control of crystal formation has been developed to a remarkable degree by many organisms. Oriented nucleation, control over crystal morphology, formation of unique composites of proteins and single crystals, and the production of ordered multicrystal arrays, are all well within the realm of biological capability. Understanding the control and design principles in biomineralization is a fascinating subject that may well contribute to the improved fabrication of synthetic materials on the one hand, and to the solution of many serious pathological problems involving mineralization, on the other.