• catalysis;
  • Heck olefination;
  • palladacycles
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The catalytic C[BOND]C coupling of chloroarenes by both the Heck and the Suzuki reactions has been achieved for the first time with new palladacycles of type 1, in which R can be, for instance, o-tolyl or mesityl. They are an order of magnitude more active than conventional catalysts and, moreover, thermally considerably more robust. But above all, the cleavage of the P[BOND]C bond and the deposition of palladium is not observed. Analogous reactions with bromoarenes can also be catalyzed to advantage with 1. The Heck reaction of haloarenes with vinyl derivatives (e.g., n-butyl acryiate) gives (E)-styrene derivatives in one step. In the Suzuki reaction the haloarenes are converted into biphenyl derivatives with phenylbornic acid, also in one step.