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Keywords:

  • coordination polymers;
  • dynamic properties;
  • inclusion compounds;
  • metal–organic frameworks;
  • microporous materials

Abstract

The chemistry of the coordination polymers has in recent years advanced extensively, affording various architectures, which are constructed from a variety of molecular building blocks with different interactions between them. The next challenge is the chemical and physical functionalization of these architectures, through the porous properties of the frameworks. This review concentrates on three aspects of coordination polymers: 1) the use of crystal engineering to construct porous frameworks from connectors and linkers (“nanospace engineering”), 2) characterizing and cataloging the porous properties by functions for storage, exchange, separation, etc., and 3) the next generation of porous functions based on dynamic crystal transformations caused by guest molecules or physical stimuli. Our aim is to present the state of the art chemistry and physics of and in the micropores of porous coordination polymers.