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Ionic Perylenetetracarboxdiimides: Highly Fluorescent and Water-Soluble Dyes for Biolabeling


  • Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Sonderforschungsbereich 625, Schwerpunktprogramm Organische Feldeffekt-Transistoren), the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (Zentrum für Multifunktionale Werkstoffe und Miniaturisierte Funktionseinheiten), and BASF AG is gratefully acknowledged.


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Dying to be seen: A series of water-soluble and highly fluorescent perylenetetracarboxdiimides (PDIs) have been synthesized in high yields by introducing charged groups into the bay region of PDI (see picture; C gray, H white, S yellow, O red). They can be used for staining living cells as they are nontoxic.

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