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Keywords:

  • nanostructures;
  • nanotechnology;
  • thin films;
  • tin;
  • water chemistry
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Without template, surfactant, applied field, or undercoating, well-defined and highly ordered rutile SnO2 nanorods were grown directly onto various substrates at low temperatures from aqueous solutions. These nanorods are elongated along the c axis and have stable prismatic (110) faces, which results in nanorods with a square cross section (see picture).