Protein breakdown is an exact, controlled process in which the protein molecule ubiquitin plays a decisive role by binding to a protein and labeling it for breakdown. The cellular mechanisms of this process are widely known today thanks to the work of the 2004 Nobel Laureates Irwin Rose, Avram Hershko, and Aaron Ciechanover. The Laureates report at first hand in their Nobel Lectures.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.