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Carbon Nanotubes as Intracellular Transporters for Proteins and DNA: An Investigation of the Uptake Mechanism and Pathway


  • This work was supported by a Stanford Interdisciplinary Translational Research Grant.


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Endocytosis or not endocytosis: The pathway of the internalization of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) conjugates into mammalian cells was determined to be energy-dependent endocytosis through clathrin-coated pits.