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“Green” Pyrotechnics: A Chemists' Challenge

Authors

  • Georg Steinhauser Dr.,

    1. Atominstitut der Österreichischen Universitäten, Vienna University of Technology, Stadionallee 2, 1020 Vienna, Austria
    2. Current address: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, Butenandtstrasse 5–13 (Haus D), 81377 Munich, Germany
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  • Thomas M. Klapötke Prof. Dr.

    1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, Butenandtstrasse 5–13 (Haus D), 81377 Munich, Germany, Fax: (+49) 89-2180-77492
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Abstract

Fireworks are probably the application of chemistry which resonates best with the general public. However, fireworks and (civil and military) pyrotechnic applications cause environmental pollution and thus have given rise to the development of new, environmentally friendly pyrotechnic compounds and formulations. Nitrogen-rich energetic materials, such as the derivatives of tetrazoles and tetrazines, are about to revolutionize traditional pyrotechnic compositions. This Review summarizes the sources of pollution in current formulations and recent efforts toward “green” pyrotechnics.

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