Local Probe Oxidation of Self-Assembled Monolayers: Templates for the Assembly of Functional Nanostructures

Authors

  • Daan Wouters Dr.,

    1. Laboratory of Macromolecular Chemistry and Nanoscience, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 49-247-4186
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  • Stephanie Hoeppener Dr.,

    1. Laboratory of Macromolecular Chemistry and Nanoscience, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 49-247-4186
    2. Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), Ludwigs-Maximilians-Universität München, Amalienstrasse 54, 80799 (Germany)
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  • Ulrich S. Schubert Prof. Dr.

    1. Laboratory of Macromolecular Chemistry and Nanoscience, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 49-247-4186
    2. Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), Ludwigs-Maximilians-Universität München, Amalienstrasse 54, 80799 (Germany)
    3. Laboratory of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Humboldtstrasse 10, 07743 Jena (Germany)
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Abstract

Surfaces with purposes: The electroinitiated patterning of self-assembled monolayers enables the fabrication of a variety of complex nanostructures (see picture). The possibilities offered by the introduction of chemical selectivity through the local generation of chemically active groups and subsequent derivatization are reviewed, with a focus on progress in this area of research over the last four years.

original image

The local oxidation of self-assembled monolayers with a scanning probe is a promising method for the generation of structures with chemical functionalities on the nanometer scale. This technique, which takes advantage of the chemical stability and versatility of self-assembled monolayers and the ability to pattern these monolayers by scanning-probe-based oxidation methods, enables the hierarchical assembly of complex structures in a controlled manner. Surface modification can be followed by the assembly of a further functional monolayer and/or additional surface-modification reactions in the targeted, sequential construction of functional device features.

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