Controlling the regioselectivity: The phenylsulfonyl group controlled the regioselectivity in the title reaction to afford pyrrolidine-2,3-dicarboxylates with good regioselectivity and high exo selectivity and enantioselectivity (see scheme). The products are precursors to substituted pyrrolidines and pyrrolines that are not attainable by direct 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions with typical acrylates.
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