A Low-Temperature Molecular Approach to Highly Conductive Tin-Rich Indium Tin Oxide Thin Films with Durable Electro-Optical Performance


  • The authors acknowledge Evonik Degussa GmbH, Marl for cooperation and fruitful discussion, in particular with Dr. Anna Prodi-Schwab, and for financial support. This project of the Science-to-Business Center Nanotronics was cofinanced by the European Union and supported by the state of North Rhine–Westphalia (Germany).


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Save energy, smile! Highly conductive tin-rich indium tin oxide (ITO) composites are easily accessible using the molecular precursor Sn(tBuO)3In. The as-prepared transparent and highly conductive thin films on glass substrates are atomically flat and show the best performance to date in ITO-based electroluminescent applications.