Zwitterionic Relatives of Cationic Platinum Group Metal Complexes: Applications in Stoichiometric and Catalytic σ-Bond Activation



Zwitterionic platinum group metal complexes that feature formal charge separation between a cationic metal fragment and a negatively charged ancillary ligand combine the desirable reactivity profile of related cationic complexes with the broad solubility and solvent tolerance of neutral species. As such, zwitterionic complexes of this type have emerged as attractive candidates for a diversity of applications, most notably involving the breaking and/or forming of E[BOND]H and E[BOND]C σ bonds involving a main group element E. Important advances in ancillary ligand design are documented that have enabled the construction of platinum group metal zwitterions. Also summarized are the results of stoichiometric and catalytic investigations in which the reactivity of such zwitterions and their more traditionally employed cationic relatives in σ bond activation chemistry are compared and contrasted.