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Keywords:

  • coordination chemistry;
  • enzyme mimics;
  • host–guest systems;
  • self-assembly;
  • supramolecular chemistry

Abstract

Recent advances in supramolecular coordination chemistry have allowed chemists to synthesize macromolecular complexes that exhibit various properties intrinsic to enzymes. This Review focuses on structures inspired by properties and functions observed in enzymes rather than precise models of enzyme active sites. These structures are synthesized using convergent, modular, and high-yielding coordination-chemistry-based methods, which allow one to tailor the size, shape, and properties of the resulting complexes. Many of the structures discussed exhibit reactivity and specificity reminiscent of natural systems, and some of them have functions that exceed the natural systems which provided the inspiration for initially making them.