Valeric Biofuels: A Platform of Cellulosic Transportation Fuels†
Article first published online: 5 MAY 2010
Copyright © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Volume 49, Issue 26, pages 4479–4483, June 14, 2010
How to Cite
Lange, J.-P., Price, R., Ayoub, Paul M., Louis, J., Petrus, L., Clarke, L. and Gosselink, H. (2010), Valeric Biofuels: A Platform of Cellulosic Transportation Fuels. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 49: 4479–4483. doi: 10.1002/anie.201000655
We are grateful to numerous colleagues for their invaluable contributions: K. L. von Hebel, R. Blessing, R. J. Haan, P. van den Brink, M. Nijkamp, and L. Domokos for their assistance in catalyst preparation and testing; J. Smith, A. Felix-Moore, and M. Beutler for fuel evaluation. We also wish to thank Z. Li and K. Self (Accelergy Corp.) for their assistance in catalyst screening.
- Issue published online: 9 JUN 2010
- Article first published online: 5 MAY 2010
- Manuscript Received: 3 FEB 2010
- heterogeneous catalysis;
- sustainable chemistry
Fueling the future: Valeric esters can be produced by acid hydrolysis of lignocellulose to levulinic acid, followed by hydrogenation to valeric acid and its subsequent esterification (see scheme). Valeric biofuels are fully compatible for blending with gasoline or diesel, and have passed a road trial of 250 000 km.