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Keywords:

  • biofuels;
  • ionic liquids;
  • lignin;
  • nanoparticle catalysis;
  • tandem catalysis
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Oxy-gone in a tandem: A catalytic system composed of metal nanoparticles (NPs) and a functionalized Brønsted acidic ionic liquid (IL), both of which are immobilized in a nonfunctionalized IL, is highly efficient in upgrading lignin-derived phenolic compounds into alkanes; the hydrogenation and dehydration reactions take place in tandem.