Advertisement

Surface Chemistry of Metal–Organic Frameworks at the Liquid–Solid Interface

Authors

  • Denise Zacher,

    1. Inorganic Chemistry II—Organometallics and Materials Chemistry, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44870 Bochum (Germany), Fax: (+49) 234-32-14174
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Rochus Schmid,

    1. Inorganic Chemistry II—Organometallics and Materials Chemistry, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44870 Bochum (Germany), Fax: (+49) 234-32-14174
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Dr. Christof Wöll,

    1. Institute of Functional Interfaces (IFG), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Dr. Roland A. Fischer

    Corresponding author
    1. Inorganic Chemistry II—Organometallics and Materials Chemistry, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44870 Bochum (Germany), Fax: (+49) 234-32-14174
    • Inorganic Chemistry II—Organometallics and Materials Chemistry, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44870 Bochum (Germany), Fax: (+49) 234-32-14174
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are a fascinating class of novel inorganic–organic hybrid materials. They are essentially based on classic coordination chemistry and hold much promise for unique applications ranging from gas storage and separation to chemical sensing, catalysis, and drug release. The evolution of the full innovative potential of MOFs, in particular for nanotechnology and device integration, however requires a fundamental understanding of the formation process of MOFs. Also necessary is the ability to control the growth of thin MOF films and the positioning of size- and shape-selected crystals as well as MOF heterostructures on a given surface in a well-defined and oriented fashion. MOFs are solid-state materials typically formed by solvothermal reactions and their crystallization from the liquid phase involves the surface chemistry of their building blocks. This Review brings together various key aspects of the surface chemistry of MOFs.

Ancillary