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Keywords:

  • bacteria;
  • carbohydrates;
  • cell recognition;
  • lipopolysaccharides;
  • O antigens
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Dress code for living in a fungus: Analysis of the carbohydrate coating of the toxin-producing endobacterium of the phytopathogenic fungus Rhizopus microsporus revealed an unprecedented lipopolysaccharide (LPS) structure, which is important for infection and colonization of the fungal host. A mutant lacking the unusual [[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]2)-β-D-galactofuranose-(1[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]]n O antigen (red in the schematic illustration) was incapable of forming a stable symbiosis with the fungus.