The First Artificial Cell—A Revolutionary Step in Synthetic Biology?



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It′s alive: The creation of an artificial self-replicating microorganism (Mycobacterium mycoides JCVIsyn1.0) from a chemically synthesized full-length genome by the team of Craig Venter is without doubt a landmark achievement in synthetic biology. But will this technique revolutionize modern biotechnology and eventually lead to an alternative supply of energy, biofuels, and chemicals?