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Keywords:

  • enzyme models;
  • hormones;
  • iodine;
  • selenium;
  • thyroxine
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

The I of the beholder: The presented chemical model for the inner-ring deiodination of thyroxine (T4) and 3,5,3′-triiodothyronine (T3) by iodothyronine deiodinase (see scheme) highlights the importance of an in-built thiol group in proximity to the selenium atom. The effective removal of iodine in the case of T4 indicates that an enol–keto tautomerism is not required for deiodination.