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Hydrogen-Independent Reductive Transformation of Carbohydrate Biomass into γ-Valerolactone and Pyrrolidone Derivatives with Supported Gold Catalysts

Authors

  • Xian-Long Du,

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (P. R. China)
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  • Lin He,

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (P. R. China)
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  • She Zhao,

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (P. R. China)
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  • Dr. Yong-Mei Liu,

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (P. R. China)
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  • Prof. Dr. Yong Cao,

    Corresponding author
    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (P. R. China)
    • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (P. R. China)
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  • Prof. Dr. He-Yong He,

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (P. R. China)
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  • Prof. Kang-Nian Fan

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis and Innovative Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (P. R. China)
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Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Corrigendum: Hydrogen-Independent Reductive Transformation of Carbohydrate Biomass into γ-Valerolactone and Pyrrolidone Derivatives with Supported Gold Catalysts Volume 50, Issue 51, 12128, Article first published online: 14 December 2011

  • We thank the NSF of China (20633030, 20873026, and 21073042), New Century Excellent Talents in the University of China (NCET-09-0305), the State Key Basic Research Program of PRC (2009CB623506), and the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (08DZ2270500) for financial support.

Abstract

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A golden opportunity: A highly robust catalyst system consisting of gold nanoparticles supported on acid-tolerant ZrO2 promoted the conversion of biomass-derived levulinic acid (1) and formic acid (2) into γ-valerolactone without the use of an external H2 supply (see scheme, red). The Au/ZrO2 catalyst was also used for the direct one-pot synthesis of highly valuable pyrrolidone derivatives from 1, 2, and primary amines (see scheme, blue).

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