Get access

Transformation of Carbon Dioxide with Homogeneous Transition-Metal Catalysts: A Molecular Solution to a Global Challenge?

Authors

  • Dr. Mirza Cokoja,

    1. Chair of Inorganic Chemistry, Molecular Catalysis Catalysis Research Center, Technische Universität München, Ernst-Otto-Fischer Strasse 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dipl.-Chem. Christian Bruckmeier,

    1. WACKER-Chair of Macromolecular Chemistry, Catalysis Research Center, Technische Universität München, Ernst-Otto-Fischer Strasse 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Dr. Bernhard Rieger,

    Corresponding author
    1. WACKER-Chair of Macromolecular Chemistry, Catalysis Research Center, Technische Universität München, Ernst-Otto-Fischer Strasse 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)
    • WACKER-Chair of Macromolecular Chemistry, Catalysis Research Center, Technische Universität München, Ernst-Otto-Fischer Strasse 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Dr. Wolfgang A. Herrmann,

    1. Chair of Inorganic Chemistry, Molecular Catalysis Catalysis Research Center, Technische Universität München, Ernst-Otto-Fischer Strasse 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Prof. Dr. Fritz E. Kühn

    Corresponding author
    1. Chair of Inorganic Chemistry, Molecular Catalysis Catalysis Research Center, Technische Universität München, Ernst-Otto-Fischer Strasse 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)
    • Chair of Inorganic Chemistry, Molecular Catalysis Catalysis Research Center, Technische Universität München, Ernst-Otto-Fischer Strasse 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

A plethora of methods have been developed over the years so that carbon dioxide can be used as a reactant in organic synthesis. Given the abundance of this compound, its utilization in synthetic chemistry, particularly on an industrial scale, is still at a rather low level. In the last 35 years, considerable research has been performed to find catalytic routes to transform CO2 into carboxylic acids, esters, lactones, and polymers in an economic way. This Review presents an overview of the available homogeneous catalytic routes that use carbon dioxide as a C1 carbon source for the synthesis of industrial products as well as fine chemicals.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary