Raising the HOMO: 2,4-Dienals can react with nitroalkenes in trienamine-catalyzed asymmetric Diels–Alder reactions (see scheme). Crucial for the success is raising the HOMO energy of the diene through the introduction of appropriate substituents. The reaction exhibits unusually high enantioselectivity and exo selectivity; endo addition is possibly disfavored because of the electrostatic repulsion shown in the scheme.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.