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Keywords:

  • alkaloids;
  • asymmetric catalysis;
  • fluorocyclizations;
  • indoles;
  • organocatalysis
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Enantioenriched fluorinated heterocycles can be prepared through fluorocyclizations of prochiral indoles (see scheme; Ts=tosyl, Bn=benzyl, Boc=tert-butoxycarbonyl). More than twenty examples for this cascade fluorination–cyclization, which is catalyzed by cinchona alkaloids and employs N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide as the electrophilic fluorine source have been explored, and an unprecedented catalytic asymmetric difluorocyclization has also been identified.