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Keywords:

  • fcc structures;
  • gold;
  • hcp structures;
  • phase transformation;
  • template synthesis
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

It's hip to be square: Gold square-like plates exhibit alternating hexagonal close-packed (hcp, see picture, yellow) and face-centered cubic (fcc, red) structures in the center and defect-free fcc structures at one pair of the opposite thick edges. They can be synthesized from Au square sheets in a secondary growth process. For the first time, the hcp-to-fcc phase transformation associated with shape variation in Au nanostructures is demonstrated.