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Keywords:

  • homogeneous catalysis;
  • hydrocyanation;
  • hydroformylation;
  • phosphacycles;
  • phosphane ligands
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Ligand maps lead to treasure! The activity of complexes of fluorophosphines (R2PF) in catalytic hydroformylation and hydrocyanation is predicted from a ligand map. However, the instability of R2PF to disproportionation is well-documented. Examples of R2PF ligands (see scheme) are described that are stabilized to such an extent that they can be used in catalysis and are shown to be highly effective.