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Nonprecious-Metal Catalysts for Low-Cost Fuel Cells

Authors

  • Prof. Dr. Dang Sheng Su,

    Corresponding author
    1. Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China)
    2. Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Faradayweg 4–6, 14195 Berlin (Germany)
    • Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China)
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  • Prof. Dr. Gongquan Sun

    Corresponding author
    1. Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell Laboratory, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (China)
    • Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell Laboratory, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 457 Zhongshan Road, Dalian 116023 (China)
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  • D.S.S. thanks the 973 program (2011CBA00504) of China for financial support.

Abstract

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Within reach: Newly developed nonprecious-metal catalysts can be used to produce inexpensive hydrogen fuel cells with performances approaching those of platinum-based systems. For example, the best non-Pt catalyst was prepared from a metal–organic framework consisting of zeolitic ZnII imidazolate which served as the host for the Fe and N precursors of the catalyst. The plot shows the volumetric current densities of the best non-Pt catalysts and the target value set by the U.S. DOE at 0.8 V).

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