Quantitative Replacement of Cetyl Trimethylammonium Bromide by Cationic Thiol Ligands on the Surface of Gold Nanorods and Their Extremely Large Uptake by Cancer Cells


  • This work was supported by the NSF (grant numbers DMR-0547399 and DMR-1105878).


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Stable and biocompatible: The chemical composition of synthesized cationic thiolate-monolayer-protected gold nanorods was precisely determined. In vitro cell culture experiments showed no cytotoxicity of these nanorods, and the number of nanorods that were taken up by each cancer cell exceeded two million particles (see picture).