Thermal Hydrogen-Atom Transfer from Methane: The Role of Radicals and Spin States in Oxo-Cluster Chemistry

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Abstract

Hydrogen-atom transfer (HAT), as one of the fundamental reactions in chemistry, is investigated with state-of-the-art gas-phase experiments in conjunction with computational studies. The focus of this Minireview concerns the role that the intrinsic properties of gaseous oxo-clusters play to permit HAT reactivity from saturated hydrocarbons at ambient conditions. In addition, mechanistic implications are discussed which pertain to heterogeneous catalysis. From these combined experimental/computational studies, the crucial role of unpaired spin density at the abstracting atom becomes clear, in distinct contrast to recent conclusions derived from solution-phase experiments.

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