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Intramolecular Fischer Indole Synthesis and its Combination with an Aromatic [3,3]-Sigmatropic Rearrangement for the Preparation of Tricyclic Benzo[cd]indoles


  • This work was supported by the grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea (2009-0080752 and 2011-0022343). I.K.P. and J.P. are grateful for a BK21 Fellowship and a Seoul Fellowship.


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At the end of the tether: Aryl hydrazides that have carbonyl groups tethered at the para position of the aromatic ring undergo an intramolecular Fischer indolization reaction to give the corresponding indolophanes. Strategic insertion of a double bond in the tether enables a tandem aromatic [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement reaction to occur to give tricyclic benzo[cd]indoles.