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Keywords:

  • polymerization;
  • polymer brushes;
  • surface chemistry
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Polymer brushes: Electrically induced atom-transfer radical polymerization allows polymer brushes to grow in air (see picture). The thickness of the brushes is controlled through the ratio of initiator and applied potential. The monomer solution can be reused, which renders this process promising for the polymerization of specialty monomers and for biocompatible polymer brushes grown on complex substrates.