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Periodate Salts as Pyrotechnic Oxidizers: Development of Barium- and Perchlorate-Free Incendiary Formulations

Authors

  • Dr. Jared D. Moretti,

    Corresponding author
    1. Pyrotechnics Technology and Prototyping Division, US Army, RDECOM-ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 (USA)
    • Pyrotechnics Technology and Prototyping Division, US Army, RDECOM-ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 (USA)
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  • Dr. Jesse J. Sabatini,

    Corresponding author
    1. Pyrotechnics Technology and Prototyping Division, US Army, RDECOM-ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 (USA)
    • Pyrotechnics Technology and Prototyping Division, US Army, RDECOM-ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 (USA)
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  • Gary Chen

    1. Pyrotechnics Technology and Prototyping Division, US Army, RDECOM-ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 (USA)
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  • The authors thank the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) and the US Army (Picatinny Arsenal, NJ) for funding of this work.

Abstract

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In a flash: Pyrotechnic incendiary formulations with good stabilities toward various ignition stimuli have been developed without the need for barium or perchlorate oxidizers. KIO4 and NaIO4 were introduced as pyrotechnic oxidizers and exhibited excellent pyrotechnic performance. The periodate salts may garner widespread use in military and civilian fireworks because of their low hygroscopicities and high chemical reactivities.

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