2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene: A Surprisingly Insensitive Energetic Fuel and Binder in Melt-Cast Decoy Flare Compositions


  • Pyrotechnic Countermeasures  V. Mr. Johann Licha (Diehl BGT Defence) is thanked for work-up of chemicals and carrying out the melt-casting. Dr. Uldis Ticmanis (formerly WIWEB) is thanked for the thermal stability analysis. Dr. Stefan Kelzenberg (Fraunhofer ICT) is thanked for proof reading.


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Deceiving with TNT: Melt-cast pyrotechnic mixtures based on 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT)/KClO4 (see picture for flame) spectrally matched infrared decoy flares and show superior performance and greatly reduced sensitivity in comparison to common pyrotechnic or double-base material currently in use for IR countermeasure flares.