Graphene and Graphene Oxide Can “Lubricate” Ionic Liquids based on Specific Surface Interactions Leading to Improved Low-Temperature Hypergolic Performance


  • This work was supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under AFOSR Award No. FA9550-10-1-0521 and the Department of Education under GAANN grant No. P200A100190. We gratefully acknowledge Prof. Rodney S. Ruoff and Dr. Jonathan P. Edgeworth for synthesizing and donating reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) and thank Dr. Gregory W. Drake for helpful comments.


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Space-qualified lubricants: Graphene and graphene oxide (r-GO) can strongly improve the low-temperature performance of hypergolic ionic liquids by reduction of viscosity. Key to success is to match the graphene type to the specific ionic-liquid functionality.